In this study, an attempt has been made to analyse the social reciprocity and religious tolerance between Hindu and Muslim communities with regard to modernization and its impact in an urban setting. It explores to find out the nature of religious, social, economic and occupational adoption between the communities. It further attempts to explain the extent and the quantum to which Hindus have adopted the beliefs and traditions of Muslims, and Muslim communities have adopted from the religious traditions, rituals and beliefs of Hindus in their social and occupational life in the wave of modernization. The empirical survey was conducted in the city of Varanasi, which is a peculiar blend of tradition and modernity. It has a specific confluence of inter-religious interaction and denotes a strong socio-cultural solidarity in the urban social structure. The conflict and riots in the city are rare and if they happen, they are caused and enticed by some change-monger politicians or misguided section of people. Such study by its very nature happens to be of sociological interest and arrests the attention of travellers, visitors, social scientists, economists and technologists to this peculiar dynamic blend of urban social texture. That is why this present study is conducted to unveil and highlight the social reality of religion and society in an orthogenetic city and to trace out the changing scenario of communitarian relations in the light of modernization.
2. Locale of the Study and Strategy of Investigation
3. The Community Under the Empirical Test
4. Social Institutions and Emerging Attitude
5. Urban Social Structure and Patterns of Reciprocity
6. Inter-Religious Reciprocity and Social Adjustment
7. Emerging Features of Religion and Faith
8. Urban Power Structure and Patterns of Interactions